All new electrical work within a domestic setting must comply with Part P of the Building Regulations in England and Wales introduced on 1 January 2005, which are legally enforceable. This means that anyone carrying out notifiable electrical works is required to be either part of a government approved scheme such as NICEIC, or inform the local building control who will inspect the installation.
Examples of notifiable works include:
- Electrical works in a bathroom or kitchen
- Electrical works outside
- Works requiring provision of a new circuit
- Consumer Unit replacement
- Low voltage lighting (other than CE marked kits)
Examples of non-notifiable works include:
- Replacement of fittings such as sockets, switches and light fittings
- Replacement of a cable for a circuit where it has been damaged
- Adding additional lighting, light fittings and switches, to an existing circuit (not in a bathroom or kitchen)
- Adding additional sockets and fused spurs to an existing ring or radial main (not in a bathroom or kitchen)
- Installing additional earth bonding
Landlord guide to electrical safety compliance
It is important to ensure that all electrical appliances and fittings within the property are safe and in good working order. Unlike gas regulations, there is no law that says you must have a landlord electrical safety certificate. But, should any electrical fittings or appliances within your rental property cause harm to a tenant you could be held liable.
For more detailed information continue reading below.
Electrical safety in rental properties
Please note the information provided on this page is for guidance only and it is strongly recommended that all information is checked in case regulations have changed.
There is no statutory obligation on landlords or agents to have professional checks carried out on the electrical system or appliances. However, under Common Law and various statutory regulations: The Landlord and Tenant Act 1985, The Housing Act 2004, The Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994, and the Plugs and Sockets etc. (Safety) Regulations 1994, both of which come under the Consumer Protection Act 1987, there is an obligation to ensure that all electrical equipment is safe.
Apart from the Landlord’s Common Law duty of care, the Landlord & Tenant Act 1985 (and several other statutory regulations see below) requires that the electrical equipment is safe at the start of every tenancy and maintained in a safe condition throughout the tenancy.
Electrical hazards are also covered by the Housing Health and safety Rating System under the Housing Act 2004.
In the case of commercial property and houses in multiple occupation there is a statutory duty under the Regulatory Reform Fire Safety Order 2005 for the responsible person (the property manager) to carry out annual Fire Safety Risk Assessments, which include electrical safety risks.